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每柜每月收费46500美金!洛杉矶、长滩新规一旦实施将是灾难性

采购信息描述及网友解答
为应对洛杉矶和长滩港区史无前例的拥堵情况,由拜登供应链中断工作组、美国运输部联合多个供应链利益相关者协调制定出台了一项新规:11月1日开始,洛杉矶和长滩按天向船公司收取进口集装箱滞留费!

根据该政策,港口将对属于以下两类之一的集装箱向海运公司收费:

1、计划用卡车运输的集装箱;
2、用铁路运输的集装箱。

停留时间通常是指从船上卸下集装箱开始,到取走集装箱之间为止。
从11月1日开始,海运公司将对满足这两个条件的集装箱付费,标准为100美元/箱,超时每天每个集装箱递增100美元!

Beginning from 1 November, the San Pedro Bay ports will charge ocean carriers with cargo US$100 per container, increasing in US$100 increments per container per day.

很多人看到了“每天收费100美元”这个额外附加费,但几乎没有意识到,这个新规隐藏这一个致命的暗器: 每天在原有基础上递增100美元!

这就如同你本以为码头每个柜子每天只收100美元,但实际是它是每天都在前一天的基础上再增加100美元,如同三个大家耳熟能详的几个字:高利贷,利滚利!

致命的“递增”收费,每个柜每月账单将高达惊人的46500美元!

一条看似普通的新规,暗藏着怎样玄机,又是给货主和货代企业挖的一个多大的坑呢?

洛杉矶/长滩本地的柜子第9天开始收费,过期每天加100美金。

比如,过期第一天收100;第二天收200……以此类推。

IPI的柜子从第3天开始收费,算法类似。

按这种叠加收费的方法,这个罚款是个惊人的数字:

一个柜子如果逾期5天,罚款就是1500美金;
逾期6天就是2100美金;
30天就是46,500美金!

众所周知,目前洛杉矶和长滩的拥堵情况极其严重,不是船公司和货主不想及时提柜,是缺少拖车缺少车架,船公司和货主即使想提柜也是毫无办法,更不要提还有所谓的“禁提区”“非开放区域”等柜子一进去几十天一两个月提不出来的情况。

本周三(27日),在洛杉矶、长滩码头推出收费新规两天后,美国托运人(货主)委员会(NSAC)召开了紧急会议。

这可太牛逼了每柜每月收费46500美金!洛杉矶、长滩新规一旦实施将是灾难性 真要这么做,塞港应该就不存在了这消息可靠吗这消息靠谱吗。Faced with massive backlogs of containers at the ports in the San Pedro Bay, the operators of the two ports announced a new plan to charge new daily fees to the ocean carriers that permit containers to linger in the ports. Saying that the significant increase in dwell times experienced in ports is making it difficult to clear cargo off the terminals and bring in ships at anchor, the new measure is the latest effort to speed the movement of cargo at the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach.

Beginning November 1, the ports will charge ocean carriers $100 per container, increasing in $100 increments per container per day, when cargo lingers at the terminals. Under the new policy, the surcharge is for containers scheduled to move by truck that remain in the port for more than nine days. For containers moving by rail, the surcharges begin if the container has dwelled for three days or more.

“We must expedite the movement of cargo through the ports to work down the number of ships at anchor,” said Port of Los Angeles Executive Director Gene Seroka. “Approximately 40 percent of the containers on our terminals today fall into the two categories. If we can clear this idling cargo, we’ll have much more space on our terminals to accept empties, handle exports, and improve fluidity for the wide range of cargo owners who utilize our ports.”

According to the ports, before the pandemic-induced import surge began in mid-2020, on average, containers for local delivery sat at container terminals under four days. Containers destined for trains dwelled less than two days in the past.

These actions come as the number of ships continues to rise. Over the weekend two more records were established according to the Marine Exchange of Southern California. Just days ago, it was 100 ships waiting, but over the weekend it reached 110 total vessels waiting outside the ports including 80 containerships.  About half the vessels are actually at anchor with the remainder waiting further offshore.

“With the escalating backlog of ships off the coast, we must take immediate action to prompt the rapid removal of containers from our marine terminals,” said Port of Long Beach Executive Director Mario Cordero. “The terminals are running out of space, and this will make room for the containers sitting on those ships at anchor.”

Last week, California Governor Gavin Newsom order state agencies to find additional space for the storage of containers while the City of Long Beach is temporarily relaxing zoning rules to help address a desperate shortage of storage space for shipping containers. For the next three months, the city is temporarily relaxing zoning rules to permit higher stacking of containers on private property.

The actions by the two ports come as the industry is reportedly also holding meetings to develop its own voluntary protocols to reduce the number of vessels holding beyond the anchorage. The ports said that their new policy was developed in coordination with the Biden-Harris Supply Chain Disruptions Task Force, U.S. Department of Transportation, and multiple supply chain stakeholders. Previously, the Biden administration pressured both ports to open for around-the-clock, seven days a week, container operations, but reports indicate that with the lack of truckers the ports did not see a dramatic increase in movements.

“I support the actions taken by the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach today to charge ocean carriers for lingering containers on marine terminals. These actions aim to expedite the movement of goods and reduce congestion in our ports,” said John D. Porcari, Port Envoy to the Biden-Harris Supply Chain Disruptions Task Force. “As our economy continues to grow, increased demand and disruptions caused by the pandemic are putting our supply chains to the test. While we’ve seen new records set in terms of throughput this year at West Coast ports, we need more players throughout the supply chain to keep stepping up. The federal government will continue to bring together private companies and stakeholders from across the supply chain and serve as an honest broker helping to surface solutions like this to address supply chain disruptions.”

Last week, during a town hall meeting broadcast on CNN, President Biden was asked if he would consider calling out the National Guard to handle containers and movement along the supply chain. He responded by saying that it was an option if the current actions did not produce the results they are looking for to reduce the congestion and backlogs.

For their part, the twin ports are promising that the fees collected from dwelling cargo will be re-invested for programs designed to enhance efficiency, accelerate cargo velocity, and address congestion impacts throughout the San Pedro Bay.

google 翻译
面对圣佩德罗湾港口的大量集装箱积压,两个港口的运营商宣布了一项新计划,向允许集装箱在港口逗留的海运承运人收取新的每日费用。说到港口停留时间的显着增加使得从码头清理货物和将船舶停泊变得困难,新措施是加快洛杉矶和长滩港口货物运输的最新努力.

从 11 月 1 日开始,当货物在码头逗留时,港口将向海运承运人收取每个集装箱 100 美元的费用,每个集装箱每天增加 100 美元。根据新政策,附加费适用于计划通过卡车运输的集装箱在港口停留超过 9 天。对于通过铁路运输的集装箱,如果集装箱已停留三天或更长时间,则开始收取附加费。

“我们必须加快货物通过港口的流动,以减少停泊的船只数量,”洛杉矶港执行董事 Gene Seroka 说。 “如今,我们码头上大约 40% 的集装箱分为两类。如果我们能够清理这些闲置货物,我们的码头将有更多空间来接受空箱、处理出口并为使用我们港口的广大货主改善流动性。”

据港口称,在大流行引起的进口激增于 2020 年中期开始之前,平均而言,本地交付的集装箱在集装箱码头停留的时间不到四天。过去,运往火车的集装箱只停留了不到两天。

随着船舶数量不断增加,这些行动也随之而来。根据南加州海洋交易所的数据,周末又创造了两项记录。就在几天前,还有 100 艘船在等待,但在周末,在港口外等待的船舶总数达到了 110 艘,其中包括 80 艘集装箱船。大约一半的船只实际上已经停泊,其余的则在离岸更远的地方等待。

长滩港执行董事马里奥·科德罗 (Mario Cordero) 表示:“随着离岸船舶积压不断增加,我们必须立即采取行动,促使集装箱从我们的海运码头迅速运走。” “码头空间不足,这将为停泊在那些船上的集装箱腾出空间。”

上周,加利福尼亚州州长加文·纽瑟姆 (Gavin Newsom) 下令各州机构寻找额外的集装箱存储空间,而长滩市则暂时放宽了分区规定,以帮助解决航运集装箱存储空间严重短缺的问题。在接下来的三个月里,该市将暂时放宽分区规定,以允许在私人财产上堆放更多集装箱。

据报道,这两个港口采取行动之际,该行业还在召开会议以制定自己的自愿协议,以减少停泊在锚地以外的船只数量。港口表示,他们的新政策是与拜登-哈里斯供应链中断工作组、美国交通部和多个供应链利益相关者协调制定的。此前,拜登政府曾向两个港口施压,要求其每周 7 天全天候开放集装箱作业,但报告显示,由于缺乏卡车司机,港口的货运量并未大幅增加。

“我支持洛杉矶和长滩港口今天采取的行动,向海运承运人收取滞留在海运码头的集装箱费用。这些行动旨在加快货物流动并减少我们港口的拥堵,”拜登-哈里斯供应链中断工作组的港口特使约翰·D·波卡里说。 “随着我们的经济持续增长,大流行造成的需求增加和中断正在考验我们的供应链。虽然今年西海岸港口的吞吐量创下了新纪录,但我们需要整个供应链中的更多参与者来继续加强。联邦政府将继续将整个供应链中的私营公司和利益相关者聚集在一起,并充当诚实的经纪人,帮助提出此类解决方案以解决供应链中断问题。”

上周,在美国有线电视新闻网播出的市政厅会议上,拜登总统被问及他是否会考虑召集国民警卫队来处理供应链中的集装箱和运输。他回应说,如果当前的行动没有产生他们想要减少拥堵和积压的结果,那么这是一个选择。

就他们而言,双港口承诺将从住宅货物收取的费用重新投资于旨在提高效率、加快货物速度和解决整个圣佩德罗湾的拥堵影响的计划。
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